March 10. “Journée Rationalité & Raisonnement”, Bâtiment de France, EPHE (Salle 114)

In the field of the conferences: “Modèles de la rationalité’,  PARIS organises a “Journée Rationalité & Raisonnement”

  • 10h à 10h40 Nicolas Gauvrit,  CHArt (PARIS), Université de Douai, France

    Complexité algorithmique : le chainon manquant de l’approche bayésienne du hasard

    Depuis une dizaine d’années, on invoque la complexité algorithmique pour expliquer divers phénomènes, depuis la perception du hasard à l’évolution des langues naturelles en passant par le fonctionnement de la mémoire de travail. Jusque récemment, il n’existait aucune approximation fiable et fine de la complexité algorithmique, si bien que ces appels restaient purement théoriques, créant des « trous » dans certains modèles, notamment ceux tentant d’expliquer notre perception du hasard. Je montrerai comment, grâce à une nouvelle méthode d’estimation de la complexité algorithmique développée en informatique, des hypothèses ont pu être validées et d’autres invalidées dans différents domaines de la psychologie, en insistant sur la question de la détection de structure dans le cadre bayésien.

  • 10h40 à 11h20 Jing Shao CHArt (PARIS), Université de Haute Alsace, France

    Une étude comparative franco-chinoise sur les paris sur les conditionnels

    Politzer, Over et Baratgin (2010) ont montré une relation parallèle étroite entre le conditionnel indicatif “si A alors B” et le pari conditionnel “je te parie que si A alors B” chez les sujets français. Nous avons mené la même expérience avec des sujets chinois en vue d’examiner si la différence culturelle joue un rôle dans ce type de raisonnement.


  • 11h20-12h  Frank Jamet, CHArt (PARIS), Université de Cergy-Pontoise, France

    Compréhension du changement climatique : approche développementale et culturelle comparative

    L’élévation du niveau de la mer est une des conséquences du changement climatique. Si l’on souhaite modifier les conduites humaines qui contribuent aux changements climatiques, il est impératif que les hommes comprennent les liens causaux qui sous-tendent les phénomènes impliqués dans le réchauffement climatique. Dans cette recherche, nous examinerons un des phénomènes physiques : l’élévation du niveau de la mer, à l’aide de deux tâches relatives à la fonte de glace de terre et de glace de mer auprès d’enfants et d’adolescents vivant sous trois climats : tempéré, équatorial humide et tropical. Les résultats montrent que la compréhension du mécanisme qui explique l’élévation du niveau de la mer est partielle. S’ils saisissent tous pourquoi le niveau de la mer monte si les glaces de terre fondent seuls une petite minorité comprennent ce qui se passe avec les glaces de mer.

  • 13h 30 -14h 10 Olivier Masson, CHArt (PARIS), EPHE, France

    Effet de la pragmatique du langage et des normes sociales appliquées aux robots : expériences menées en interaction humain-robot

    Certains chercheurs ont étudié l’impact de certaines composantes comportementales des robots sur la perception que les gens en ont. Je vais parler des expériences qui ont été réalisées pour cela et vais davantage m’arrêter sur les méthodologies qui avaient déjà été appliquées aux interactions humain-humain, pour en relever les différences sur les effets obtenus.

  • 14h 10 -14h 40 Nicole Cruz , Birkbeck, University of London, London (Department of Psychological Sciences), UK & CHArt (PARIS), EPHE, France

    Inferring “if”  from “and”

    Suppose you believe strongly that there is coffee and tea in the kitchen. Does this make you believe strongly that if there is coffee in the kitchen, then there is tea in the kitchen? Centering: the inference from p & q to if p then q, is logically valid for some interpretations of the conditional but invalid for others. In particular, centering is valid if a person’s degree of belief in the conditional is determined by the conditional probability P(q|p). But centering is invalid if a person’s degree of belief in the conditional is determined by the strength of an inferential connection between p and q (e. g. by the extent to which p is believed to cause q or to be the best explanation for q). We compared people’s responses to centering with their responses to valid and invalid inferences not containing conditionals, varying the presence of an inferential connection and of a common topic between p and q. People’s acceptance of centering was more similar to that of valid than to that of invalid inferences. Inferences were accepted more strongly when there was a common topic between p and q, but there was no reliable effect of an inferential connection. The effect of a common topic was present to a similar degree for all inferences, suggesting that it is a pragmatic effect. The findings support the hypothesis that people interpret conditionals in terms of the conditional probability.

Bâtiment le France ; 90 Avenue de France, 75013 Paris, Salle 114
(Métro : Quai de la Gare)

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First workshops “Villa Vigoni”. Human rationality: The probabilistic point of view

Villa Vigoni

The first workshopsVilla Vigoni”; Human rationality: The probabilistic point of view will take place from November 23 to 26.

Provisional program.

 

 

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13 novembre 2015 : Fluctuat nec mergitur

Afficher l'image d'origine

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Marc Maudinet joins in

OLYMPUS DIGITAL CAMERAMarc Maudinet,  Director of the Executive Master Management and disability policies in the  Institute of political studies in Paris,  honored us by joining our team as an associate member. His research interests include disability policies and the understanding of the situations of disability.

 

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2nd International Seminar “Paradigms in the social sciences – present and future” Kielce, Poland, between 1st and 2nd December 2015

Kielce 1 2 december 2015

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The 9th London Reasoning Workshop Wednesday 5th of August 2015

The London Reasoning Workshop provides a regular focus for discussion of research in the Psychology of Reasoning in the UK and in the World.

Program: LRW2015 Programme
Abstract: London Reasoning Workshop 2015 abstracts

Web Site: http://www.bbk.ac.uk/psychology/our-research/londonreasoningworkshop/9th-london-reasoning-workshop

Venue

Location:
Birkbeck College, University of London
Malet Street, Bloomsbury
London WC1E 7HX
Location: Room B33 (Coffee: B04)

 Symposium Organizers

Professor Valerie Thompson (University of Saskatchewan, Canada)
Ms Naomi Adams, (Birkbeck College, University of London)
(n.adams@bbk.ac.uk)

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International Conference on Thinking: August 4-6, 2016 Brown University

Welcome to ICT16  see http://sites.clps.brown.edu/ict2016/

ICT 2016

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Éric Laurent joins in

EricLaurent-120We are proudly happy to welcome Éric Laurent as new associate member.

Éric Laurent is an Associate Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the University of Franche-Comté, Besançon, France. He is interested in complexity and specialized in embodiment, mood, and eye movement.

More information about Éric can be found on  http://laurent-lab.com

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Thursday, June 25, Séminaires Modèles de la rationalité, bâtiment de France, 10h (room 114): Professor Steven Sloman

In the field of the conferences: “Modèles de la rationalité” organized by CHArt (Paris reasoning).

– 10H-11h30 Steven Sloman. Professor of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences at Brown University (USA), associate member to Paris reasoning.

Title: Ignorance and the Community of Knowledge

Abstract: People typically know less about causal systems than they think they do. I report studies showing this illusion of explanatory depth holds in politics and that shattering the illusion leads to political moderation. This occurs only for consequentialist issues, not those governed by sacred values. The illusion is not present in those who tend to be more reflective. The more reflective prefer more detailed causal explanation and are more sensitive to what they don’t know. I provide evidence that the illusion of explanatory depth arises because we live in a community of knowledge: People fail to distinguish the knowledge inside their heads from the knowledge that resides in other people’s heads.

Bâtiment le France / Salle 114 de 10h à 11h30; 90 Avenue de France, 75013 Paris
(Métro : Quai de la Gare)

 

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Valerie Thomson joins in

ValerieThomson-120Valerie Thompson, Professor of Cognitive Psychology at the University of Saskatchewan, Canada, honored us by joining our team as an associate member. Her research interests include intuitive judgments, thinking and decision-making, and metacognition (that is, how we evaluate the accuracy of our thought processes).

More information about Valerie can be found on her personal page http://artsandscience.usask.ca/profile/VThompson

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